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Clinical-Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics

This section considers studies of the structure and function of genes and chromosomes, with relation to human health and disease and the role of genetic mutations and cytogenetic changes in human genetic disorders.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a heterogeneous and potentially fatal disease that presents symptoms of persistent fever, splenomegaly and cytopenia. Primary HLH is identified as an autosomal reces...

    Authors: Xijiang Hu, Dongling Liu, Xiwen Jiang, Bo Gao and Changying Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:82

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Genetic heterogeneity and consanguineous marriages make recessive inherited hearing loss in Iran the second most common genetic disorder. Only two reported pathogenic variants (c.323G>C, p.Arg108Pro and c.419A...

    Authors: Michaela A. H. Hofrichter, Majid Mojarad, Julia Doll, Clemens Grimm, Atiye Eslahi, Neda Sadat Hosseini, Mohsen Rajati, Tobias Müller, Marcus Dittrich, Reza Maroofian, Thomas Haaf and Barbara Vona

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:81

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Blended phenotypes or co-occurrence of independent phenotypically distinct conditions are extremely rare and are due to coincidence of multiple pathogenic mutations, especially due to consanguinity. Hereditary...

    Authors: Joshi Stephen, Sheela Nampoothiri, K. P. Vinayan, Dhanya Yesodharan, Preetha Remesh, William A. Gahl and May Christine V. Malicdan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:80

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in the aggrecan (ACAN) gene can cause short stature (with heterogeneous clinical phenotypes), impaired bone maturation, and large variations in response to growth hormone (GH) treatment. For such cases,...

    Authors: Dandan Xu, Chengjun Sun, Zeyi Zhou, Bingbing Wu, Lin Yang, Zhuo Chang, Miaoying Zhang, Li Xi, Ruoqian Cheng, Jinwen Ni and Feihong Luo

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:79

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Raine syndrome (RS) – an extremely rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, is caused by a biallelic mutation in the FAM20C gene. Some of the most common clinical features include generalized osteosclerosis wit...

    Authors: Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Ajit Gandhi, Frenny Sheth and Dhairya Pancholi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:76

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Microspherophakia is a rare autosomal recessive eye disorder characterized by small spherical lens. It may present as an isolated finding or in association with other ocular and/or systemic disorders. This cli...

    Authors: Laura Alías, Jaume Crespi, Lidia González-Quereda, Jesús Téllez, Elisabeth Martínez, Sara Bernal and Ma Pia Gallano

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:77

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  7. Content type: Case report

    We describe a female infant with Fragile-X syndrome, with a fully expanded FMR1 allele and preferential inactivation of the homologous X-chromosome carrying a de novo deletion. This unusual and rare case demonstr...

    Authors: Paula Jorge, Elsa Garcia, Ana Gonçalves, Isabel Marques, Nuno Maia, Bárbara Rodrigues, Helena Santos, Jacinta Fonseca, Gabriela Soares, Cecília Correia, Margarida Reis-Lima, Vincenzo Cirigliano and Rosário Santos

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:74

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in the SLC26A4 gene are associated with Pendred syndrome and autosomal recessive non-syndromic deafness (DFNB4). Both disorders have similar audiologic characteristics: bilateral hearing loss, often sev...

    Authors: Renata Watanabe Nonose, Karina Lezirovitz, Maria Teresa Balester de Mello Auricchio, Ana Carla Batissoco, Guilherme Lopes Yamamoto and Regina Célia Mingroni-Netto

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:73

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a rare hereditary neurological disorder caused by mutations in PLA2G6. The disease commonly affects children below 3 years of age and presents with delay in motor skills,...

    Authors: Liena E. O. Elsayed, Inaam N. Mohammed, Ahlam A. A. Hamed, Maha A. Elseed, Mustafa A. M. Salih, Ashraf Yahia, Rayan A. Siddig, Mutaz Amin, Mahmoud Koko, Mustafa I. Elbashir, Muntaser E. Ibrahim, Alexis Brice, Ammar E. Ahmed and Giovanni Stevanin

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:72

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a heterogeneous genetic condition characterized by variable phenotypes, such as short stature (mild to moderate), joint deformities, abnormal gait, scoliosis, and brachyd...

    Authors: Taifeng Zhou, Yongqian Wang, Hang Zhou, Zhiheng Liao, Bo Gao, Deying Su, Shuhui Zheng, Caixia Xu and Peiqiang Su

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:70

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is a hereditary cancer predisposing syndrome caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) gene and is associated with decreased life expectancy. Ma...

    Authors: Zhiqing Wang, Shu Liu, Siping Liu, Yadong Wang, Junsheng Chen and Baoping Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:66

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) has an incidence of approximately 1:3000, but only 15% have mutations in the thyroid hormone synthesis pathways. Genetic analysis allows for the precise diagnosis.

    Authors: Y. Watanabe, E. Sharwood, B. Goodwin, M. K. Creech, H. Y. Hassan, M. G. Netea, M. Jaeger, A. Dumitrescu, S. Refetoff, T. Huynh and R. E. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:69

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD) represents a rare autosomal recessive inborn metabolic disorder of mitochondrial β-oxidation of monocarboxylic acids. Clinical symptoms can vary from a sev...

    Authors: Jana Lisyová, Ján Chandoga, Petra Jungová, Marcel Repiský, Mária Knapková, Martina Machková, Svetozár Dluholucký, Darina Behúlová, Jana Šaligová, Ľudmila Potočňáková, Miroslava Lysinová and Daniel Böhmer

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:64

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Testis-expressed gene 11 (TEX11) is an X-linked gene and essential for meiotic recombination and chromosomal synapsis. TEX11 deficiency causes meiotic arrest and male infertility, and many TEX11 mutations have be...

    Authors: Yanwei Sha, Liangkai Zheng, Zhiyong Ji, Libin Mei, Lu Ding, Shaobin Lin, Xu Wang, Xiaoyu Yang and Ping Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:63

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Wilson’s disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by copper accumulation. ATP7B gene mutations lead to ATP7B protein dysfunction, which in turn causes Wilson’s disease.

    Authors: Gang Liu, Dingyuan Ma, Jian Cheng, Jingjing Zhang, Chunyu Luo, Yun Sun, Ping Hu, Yuguo Wang, Tao Jiang and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:61

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  16. Content type: Case report

    X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 1 (XLP1) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder with a strong resemblance to hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Causative mutations for XLP1 have been ident...

    Authors: Xiaodong Lyu, Zhen Guo, Yangwei Li, Ruihua Fan and Yongping Song

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:60

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Considered as one of the major causes of low back pain, Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is caused by several genetic and environmental factors. As inflammation plays an important role in disc degenerat...

    Authors: Sara Hanaei, Sina Abdollahzade, Maryam Sadr, Mohammad Hossein Mirbolouk, Alireza Khoshnevisan and Nima Rezaei

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:59

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), an ester hydrolase produced mainly by the liver, hydrolyzes certain short-acting neuromuscular blocking agents, like succinylcholine and mivacurium that are widely used during ane...

    Authors: Rentao Yu, Yanzhi Guo, Yunjie Dan, Wenting Tan, Qing Mao and Guohong Deng

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:58

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Since the advent of next generation sequencing (NGS), several studies have tried to evaluate the relevance of targeted gene panel sequencing and whole exome sequencing for molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial ...

    Authors: Morgane Plutino, Annabelle Chaussenot, Cécile Rouzier, Samira Ait-El-Mkadem, Konstantina Fragaki, Véronique Paquis-Flucklinger and Sylvie Bannwarth

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:57

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