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  1. Content type: Research article

    Major symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic bronchitis and emphysema leading from lung tissue destruction, that is an effect of an imbalance between metalloproteinases (MMPs) and...

    Authors: Iwona Gilowska, Edyta Majorczyk, Łukasz Kasper, Katarzyna Bogacz, Jan Szczegielniak, Marta Kasper, Jacek Kaczmarski, Aleksandra Skomudek, Marcin Czerwinski and Krzysztof Sładek

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:19

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a pleiotropic cytokine, plays a significant role in the inflammatory diseases. By a pilot study with small population, IL-17 polymorphisms (IL-17A rs2275913 and IL-17F rs763780) showed ...

    Authors: Yuming Bai, Shijun Gao, Ying Liu, Shengli Jin, Haisen Zhang and Ke Su

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:20

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a group of genetic autosomal recessive disorders that predominantly affects young children and results in early-onset progressive liver damage. Several t...

    Authors: Ting Ge, Xinyue Zhang, Yongmei Xiao, Yizhong Wang and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:18

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Many epidemiological studies have suggested that insulin-like growth factor1 (IGF1) gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may be associated with cancer risk. Among several commonly studied polymorphisms in

    Authors: Gui-Ping Xu, Wei-Xian Chen, Qing Zhao, Hua Zhou, Shi-Zhi Chen and Li-Fang Wu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Autosomal recessive nail dysplasia is characterized by thick and hard nails with a very slow growth on the hands and feet. Mutations in FZD6 gene were found to be associated with autosomal recessive nail dysplasi...

    Authors: Ceren Saygı, Yasemin Alanay, Uğur Sezerman, Aslı Yenenler and Nesrin Özören

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS) is an X-linked inheritance disorder characterized by bilateral congenital cataracts, and facial and dental dysmorphism. This disorder is caused by mutations in the NHS gene. However, NH...

    Authors: Chao Ling, Ruifang Sui, Fengxia Yao, Zhihong Wu, Xue Zhang and Shuyang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:14

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  7. Content type: Case report

    KBG syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by macrodontia, distinctive craniofacial findings, skeletal findings, post-natal short stature, and developmental delays, sometimes associ...

    Authors: Rita Maria Alves, Paolo Uva, Marielza F. Veiga, Manuela Oppo, Fabiana C. R. Zschaber, Giampiero Porcu, Henrique P. Porto, Ivana Persico, Stefano Onano, Gianmauro Cuccuru, Rossano Atzeni, Lauro C. N. Vieira, Marcos V. A. Pires, Francesco Cucca, Maria Betânia P. Toralles, Andrea Angius…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:16

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Muscular dystrophies are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable degrees of progressive muscle degeneration and weakness. There is a wide variability in the age ...

    Authors: Fateme Ziyaee, Eslam Shorafa, Hassan Dastsooz, Parham Habibzadeh, Hamid Nemati, Amir Saeed, Mohammad Silawi, Mohammad Ali Farazi Fard, Mohammad Ali Faghihi and Seyed Alireza Dastgheib

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:13

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The interactive effect of the IGF pathway genes with the environment may contribute to childhood obesity. Such gene-environment interactions can take on complex forms. Detecting those relationships using longi...

    Authors: Cheng Wang, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Jean-François Lefebvre, Kelly M. Burkett and Lise Dubois

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:9

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Plaque psoriasis is a non-contagious skin disease in which characteristic red and flaky lesions result from a dysregulation involving both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms. Several cytokines have been imp...

    Authors: Tanel Traks, Maris Keermann, Ele Prans, Maire Karelson, Ulvi Loite, Gea Kõks, Helgi Silm, Sulev Kõks and Külli Kingo

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:10

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a clinical manifestation featured by velvety brown plaques in skin folds that occurs in some hereditary and syndromic disorders. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) mutations ...

    Authors: Junling Fu, Yiting Zhao, Tong Wang, Qian Zhang and Xinhua Xiao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:8

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS) is a rare X-linked recessive neurodegenerative disorder resulting in early-onset hearing impairment, gradual dystonia and optic atrophy. MTS is caused by variations in the nucle...

    Authors: Hongyang Wang, Li Wang, Ju Yang, Linwei Yin, Lan Lan, Jin Li, Qiujing Zhang, Dayong Wang, Jing Guan and Qiuju Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:11

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Host genetic factors affect the immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection as well as the progression of the disease. Epiregulin (EREG) belongs to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family, whic...

    Authors: Wen Cao, Liu-lin Luo, Wei-wei Chen, Li Liang, Ran-ran Zhang, Yan-lin Zhao, Jin Chen and Jun Yue

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:7

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) Type 1 (OMIM 180849) is characterized by three main features: intellectual disability; broad and frequently angulated thumbs and halluces; and characteristic facial dysmorphism.

    Authors: Mohammad M. Al-Qattan, Abdulaziz Jarman, Atif Rafique, Zuhair N. Al-Hassnan and Heba M. Al-Qattan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:12

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Familial hypomagnesaemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis type 1 is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by excessive renal magnesium and calcium excretion, bilateral nephrocalcinosis, and prog...

    Authors: Ana Perdomo-Ramirez, Marian de Armas-Ortiz, Elena Ramos-Trujillo, Lorena Suarez-Artiles and Felix Claverie-Martin

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:6

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is characterized by the presence of at least one supernumerary X chromosome. KS typical symptoms include tall stature, gynecomastia, hypogonadism and azoospermia. KS patients show a h...

    Authors: Michele Salemi, Rossella Cannarella, Rosita A. Condorelli, Laura Cimino, Federico Ridolfo, Giorgio Giurato, Corrado Romano, Sandro La Vignera and Aldo E. Calogero

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:4

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Tandem mass spectrometry (MS MS) and simple fluorometric assays are currently used in newborn screening programs to detect inborn errors of metabolism (IEM). The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical u...

    Authors: Wenjie Wang, Jianping Yang, Jinjie Xue, Wenjuan Mu, Xiaogang Zhang, Wang Wu, Mengnan Xu, Yuyan Gong, Yiqian Liu, Yu Zhang, Xiaobing Xie, Weiyue Gu, Jigeng Bai and David S. Cram

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:3

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia can lead to adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. There are few studies on the association of preeclampsia with thrombophilia in Africa including Sudan.

    Authors: Nadir A. Ahmed, Ishag Adam, Salah Eldin G. Elzaki, Hiba A. Awooda and Hamdan Z. Hamdan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:2

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS), a rare, multisystemic disorder, has been linked to genetic alterations in NIPBL, SMC1A, SMC3, HDAC8, and RAD21 genes. Approximately 60% of CdLS patients harbor various NIPBL var...

    Authors: Natalia Krawczynska, Jolanta Wierzba, Jacek Jasiecki and Bartosz Wasag

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2019 20:1

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  20. Content type: Research

    Several studies have investigated the molecular drivers and therapeutic targets in adult soft tissue sarcomas. However, such studies are limited by the genomic heterogeneity and rarity of sarcomas, particularl...

    Authors: Jihyun Kim, June Hyuk Kim, Hyun Guy Kang, Seog Yun Park, Jung Yeon Yu, Eun Young Lee, Sung Eun Oh, Young Ho Kim, Tak Yun, Charny Park, Soo Young Cho and Hye Jin You

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):216

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  21. Content type: Research

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) are the top two common neurodegenerative diseases in elderly. Recent studies found the α-synuclein have a key role in AD. Although many clinical and pathol...

    Authors: Zhifa Han, Rui Tian, Peng Ren, Wenyang Zhou, Pingping Wang, Meng Luo, Shuilin Jin and Qinghua Jiang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):215

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  22. Content type: Research

    Trichothiodystrophy nonphotosensitive 1 (TTDN1) is a disease with mental retardation, brittle hair. Some cases of the diseases are caused by mutations of the MPLKIP gene.

    Authors: Yi-Kun Zhou, Xiao-Chun Yang, Yang Cao, Heng Su, Li Liu, Zhi Liang and Yun Zheng

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19(Suppl 1):214

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  23. Content type: Research article

    Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal disorder caused by deficient enzymatic activity of α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A). The insufficient enzymatic activity leads to excessive accumulation of glycosphi...

    Authors: Chi Zhou, Jin Huang, Guanglin Cui, Hesong Zeng, Dao Wen Wang and Qiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:219

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is a common condition associated with high mortality. It is predominantly inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with reduced penetrance and variable expressio...

    Authors: Wenwen Zhang, Qian Han, Zhao Liu, Wei Zhou, Qing Cao and Weimin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:218

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of RC tears increases with aging, affecting approximately 30 to 50% of individuals older than 50 years, and more than 50% of individuals older than 80 years. Intrinsic factors (age or gender), ex...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Katia Margiotti, Stefano Petrillo, Giacomo Rizzello, Caterina Fusilli, Nicola Maffulli, Alessandro De Luca and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:217

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the occupational stress and hypertension in desert petroleum workers in Xinjiang, and to analyze the association of occupational stress and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)...

    Authors: Ning Tao, Hua Ge, Wenfeng Wu, Hengqing An, Jiwen Liu and Xinjuan Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:213

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by distinctive craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities, while non-ossifying fibroma (NOF) is a common benign ...

    Authors: Weijuan Su, Xiulin Shi, Mingzhu Lin, Caoxin Huang, Liying Wang, Haiqu Song, Yanzhen Zhuang, Haifang Zhang, Nanzhu Li and Xuejun Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:211

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is an X-linked recessive disorder involving a defect in the urea cycle caused by OTC gene mutations. Although a total of 417 disease-causing mutations in OTC have been...

    Authors: Katsuyuki Yokoi, Yoko Nakajima, Hidehito Inagaki, Makiko Tsutsumi, Tetsuya Ito and Hiroki Kurahashi

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:210

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Dwarfism is a common severe growth disorder, but the etiology is unclear in the majority of cases. Recombinant human growth hormone may be a treatment option, but it has limited efficacy. The currently known l...

    Authors: Lulu Yang, Chenhui Zhang, Wei Wang, Junqi Wang, Yuan Xiao, Wenli Lu, Xiaoyu Ma, Lifen Chen, Jihong Ni, Defen Wang, Jinxiu Shi and Zhiya Dong

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:212

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and/or thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is characterized by a considerable risk of morbidity and mortality of affected individuals. It is inherited in an autosomal ...

    Authors: Anna Keravnou, Evy Bashiardes, Kyriaki Michailidou, Marinos Soteriou, Areti Moushi and Marios Cariolou

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:208

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a common recessive X-linked hereditary disease that affects the development of ectoderm. Gene mutations of ectodysplasin A (EDA) play key roles in process of this dis...

    Authors: Fangqi He, Hongfeng Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Qingping Gao, Feng Guo and Chang Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:209

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The genetics of fetal insulin release and/or action have been suggested to affect fetal growth, adult insulin resistance and adult body composition. The genetic correlation between body composition at birth ve...

    Authors: Mette Hollensted, Claus T. Ekstrøm, Oluf Pedersen, Hans Eiberg, Torben Hansen and Anette Prior Gjesing

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:207

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to examine individual and community factors that influence high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidemia in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), a genetically isolated po...

    Authors: Erfan Aref-Eshghi, Oliver Hurley, Guang Sun, Alvin Simms, Marshall Godwin, Pauline Duke, Mehdee Araee, Masoud Mahdavian and Shabnam Asghari

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:205

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal dominant inherited cancer syndrome, and VHL is identified as a tumor suppressor gene. The main objective of this study was to identify disease-causing mutations in ...

    Authors: Xing Wu, Lanlan Chen, Yixin Zhang, Hainan Xie, Meirong Xue, Yi Wang and Houbin Huang

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:204

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. More than 120 genes have been shown to be associated with obesity related phenotypes. The aim of this study was to determine the effect o...

    Authors: Shahanas Chathoth, Mona H. Ismail, Chittibabu Vatte, Cyril Cyrus, Zhara Al Ali, Khandaker Ahtesham Ahmed, Sadananda Acharya, Aisha Mohammed Al Barqi and Amein Al Ali

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:203

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is divided into four different etiological categories: type 1 DM (T1DM), type 2 DM (T2DM), other specific types, and gestational DM. One severe complication of T2DM is type 2 diabetic ne...

    Authors: Tianbiao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Hongzhen Zhong and Zhiqing Zhong

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:201

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease with significant phenotypic variability. More than 53 podocyte-expressed genes are implicated in SRNS which complicates the ro...

    Authors: Annes Siji, K. N. Karthik, Varsha Chhotusing Pardeshi, P. S. Hari and Anil Vasudevan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:200

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Genetic defects in the mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase are important causes of mitochondrial disorders. VARS2 is one of the genes encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Recently, an increasing number of pat...

    Authors: Keze Ma, Mingyu Xie, Xiaoguang He, Guojun Liu, Xiaomei Lu, Qi Peng, Baimao Zhong and Ning Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:202

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Mutations in the genes encoding leptin (LEP), the leptin receptor (LEPR), and the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) are known to cause severe early-onset childhood obesity. The aim of the current study was to examin...

    Authors: Robina Khan Niazi, Anette P Gjesing, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Asmat Ullah, Gulbin Shahid, Wasim Ahmad, Asma Gul and Torben Hansen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:199

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic renal disorder in humans, affecting 1 in 400 to 1000 individuals. Mutations PKD1 (which accounts for 85% of ADPKD and produces pol...

    Authors: Peiwen Xu, Sexing Huang, Jie Li, Yang Zou, Ming Gao, Ranran Kang, Junhao Yan, Xuan Gao and Yuan Gao

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:198

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  41. Content type: Case report

    TRRAP encodes a multidomain protein kinase that works as a genetic cofactor to influence DNA methylation patterns, DNA damage repair, and chromatin remodeling. TRRAP protein is vital to early neural developmental...

    Authors: Chrystal F. Mavros, Catherine A. Brownstein, Roshni Thyagrajan, Casie A. Genetti, Sahil Tembulkar, Kelsey Graber, Quinn Murphy, Kristin Cabral, Grace E. VanNoy, Matthew Bainbridge, Jiahai Shi, Pankaj B. Agrawal, Alan H. Beggs, Eugene D’Angelo and Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:197

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  42. Content type: Research article

    IARS2 encodes a mitochondrial isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, a highly conserved nuclear-encoded enzyme required for the charging of tRNAs with their cognate amino acid for translation. Recently, pathogenic IARS2 vari...

    Authors: Barbara Vona, Reza Maroofian, Emanuele Bellacchio, Maryam Najafi, Kyle Thompson, Ahmad Alahmad, Langping He, Najmeh Ahangari, Abolfazl Rad, Sima Shahrokhzadeh, Paulina Bahena, Falk Mittag, Frank Traub, Jebrail Movaffagh, Nafise Amiri, Mohammad Doosti…

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:196

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  43. Content type: Research article

    To describe the clinical phenotype and genetic cause underlying the disease pathology in a pedigree (affected n = 9) with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS1) due to a novel RS1 mutation and to assess suitability for n...

    Authors: Kirk Stephenson, Adrian Dockery, Niamh Wynne, Matthew Carrigan, Paul Kenna, G. Jane Farrar and David Keegan

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:195

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The energy homeostasis-associated gene (ENHO), retinoid X receptor alpha gene (RXRA), and liver X receptor alpha gene (LXRA) are involved in adipogenic/lipogenic regulation. We investigated whether single-nucleot...

    Authors: Alicja E. Grzegorzewska, Leszek Niepolski, Monika K. Świderska, Adrianna Mostowska, Ireneusz Stolarek, Wojciech Warchoł, Marek Figlerowicz and Paweł P. Jagodziński

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:194

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  45. Content type: Case report

    X-linked creatine transporter deficiency (OMIM#300036,CRTR-D) is characterized by cerebral creatine deficiency, intellectual disabilities, severe speech impairment, seizures and behavioral problems. Mutations ...

    Authors: Qin Wang, Jingxin Yang, Yang Liu, Xingping Li, Fuwei Luo and Jiansheng Xie

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:193

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which genetics plays a key aetiological role. The gene encoding NAD(P)H steroid dehydrogenase-like protein (NSDHL) is expressed in developing cor...

    Authors: Chun-Chun Hu, Yun-Jun Sun, Chun-xue Liu, Bing-rui Zhou, Chun-yang Li, Qiong Xu and Xiu Xu

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:192

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  47. Content type: Research article

    MEF2C (Myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2C) has been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aimed at delineating the clinical profiles of MEF2C gene mutations.

    Authors: Jiaping Wang, Qingping Zhang, Yan Chen, Shujie Yu, Xiru Wu, Xinhua Bao and Yongxin Wen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:191

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  48. Content type: Case report

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant hereditary syndrome characterised by the development of hundreds to thousands of adenomatous colonic polyps during the second decade of life. FAP i...

    Authors: Hoa Giang, Vu T Nguyen, Sinh D Nguyen, Huu-Phuc Nguyen, Binh T Vo, Truc M Nguyen, Nguyen H Nguyen, Kiet D Truong, Thanh-Thuy T Do, Minh-Duy Phan and Hoai-Nghia Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Medical Genetics 2018 19:188

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